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Python Data Basics - Data Types

Free Python Data Basics learning material by Data Science Teacher Brandyn

Most techologies to a great deal to manage data types for us.  Excel often doesn't care if  its a string a number.  And so we often never think about how import data types are. 

In the Python coding language we need to be conscious of our data types because an object's data type is what let Python know what can be done with the object.  

In Python the basic data types are integer, float, and strings.  Although at a more complex level this can be DataFrame to ML models.  

Either way its the data type that tells Python what can be done with a given object so in Python we need to always be aware of the data type.

Follow along with Data Science Teacher Brandyn and learn the basics of Python in this free independent educational material.

Python Data Basics - Data Types

Python Data Types

Python Data Types
Free learn python data types free

In this free Python Data Types educational material.  When interacting with a computer using a coding language like Python we need to pay attention to our data types.  In Python, a data type is what lets Python know what can be done with a given variable or object and so if we are unaware of what the data type is it is very likely that we will use the variable incorrectly and get an error.  Data Types are a very simple concept but are foundational to working with data in Python. 

Python is like your computer mouse

Python Like your mouse
Free Python like your Computer Mouse

Python at it's simplest level is just another way for us to interact with the computer like a mouse allows us interact with out computer but in a much more natural way for the computer.  Like we open excel and then use its spreadsheet mainly by clicking the mouse, with Python, we import a library and work with this application by writing code in a certain pre-define syntax.

Python Advanced Data Types array, Series, DataFrame

Python Advanced Datatypes dataframe array
Free Learn Python Numpy array Pandas Series DataFrame

In the next secton of this Python Data basics learning material we discuss advanced data types.  As mentioned Data Types are what tell Python what can be done with a given object.  This includes the data types generated by libraries.  This advanced data types essentially gives us access to the functions available in the library.  So calling the mean function from a Pandas DataFrame uses the Pandas version of mean, whereas calling the mean function on a Numpy array uses Numpy's version.  Not likely going to make a difference with a simple function like the mean but an important concept to understand when working with libraries in Python.

Python Slicing and Indexing

Python Slicing and Indexing
free learn python data basics

In Python when we select a section of data from a collection of variables like a list or a tuple we call this slicing, sectioning out the data to get what you want.  Python indexing is a little unique but very easy we just need to remember that we start at zero.  So position number 1 is 0 and the 2nd position is 1.  Slicing we need to remember it goes inclusive on the first digit and exclusive on the 2nd digit.  So in Python slicing, we start from a number and then go up to but not including our endpoint.

Explore Data Types with free Python Code

python data basics data science for free

In the coding section of this free data Python educational material we start of by covering the basics of colab and to work with a code and text cell.  We cover integers and floats in Python and when integers and floats work differently.  We head into how lists, tuples and dictionaries in Python works.  We next introduce a Series and DataFrame in Pandas and how to build a DataFrame from a Python dictionary.  This is a common workflow in Python and data science and DataFrames will be where we spend most of our time.  This class introduces Pandas for beginners.

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